About Training ...
The most important aspect of dog and puppy training is that you reward and praise your dog or puppy each and every time she does the right thing. For example: praise him when he chews his own toys instead of the couch or eliminates outside instead of in the house. The more time you spend with your puppy or dog, the quicker and easier it will be to train him.
The key to house training is to establish a routine that increases the chances that your dog will eliminate in the right place in your presence, so that he can be praised and rewarded; and decreases the chances that your dog will eliminate in the wrong place so that he will not develop bad habits.
It is important that you make provisions for your dog when you are not home. Until your dog is housetrained, he should not be allowed free run of your house. Otherwise, he could develop a habit of leaving messes anywhere and everywhere. Confine him to a small area such as a kitchen, bathroom or utility room that has water/stain resistant floors. Confinement is NOT crate training.
What is Crate Training?
Crate training can be an efficient and effective way to house train a dog. Dogs do not like to soil their resting/sleeping quarters if given adequate opportunity to eliminate elsewhere. Temporarily confining your dog
to a small area strongly inhibits the tendency to urinate and defecate. However, there is still a far
more important aspect of crate training.
If your dog does not eliminate while she is confined, then she will need to eliminate when she is released, when you are present to reward and praise her.
Be sure to understand the difference between temporarily confining your dog to a crate and long term confinement when you are not home. The major purpose of confinement when your are not home is to restrict accidents to a small protected area. The purpose of crate training is quite the opposite.
Short term confinement to a crate is intended to inhibit your dog from eliminating when confined, so that he will wait to eliminate when released from confinement and taken to an appropriate area. Crate training also helps teach your dog to have bladder and bowel control. Instead of going whenever he feels like it, he learns to hold it and go at convenient scheduled times.
Crate training should not be abused, otherwise the problem will get drastically worse. The crate is not intended as a place to lock up the dog and forget his for extended periods of time. If your dog soils his crate because you left him there too long, the house training process will be set back several weeks, if not months.
. Except at night, give your dog an opportunity to relieve herself every hour. Each time you let him out, put her on leash and immediately take his outside. Once outside, give him about five minutes to produce.
If he does not eliminate within the allotted time period, simply return him to his crate. If he does perform, immediately reward him with praise, food treats, affection, play, etc. For young pups, after 30 minutes to an hour, take him to his potty area again. Never give your dog free run of your home unless you know without a doubt that his bowels and bladder are empty.
During this crate training procedure, make mental notes of when the puppy eliminates. If you have him on a regular feeding schedule, he should soon adopt a corresponding elimination schedule. Once you know what time of day he usually needs to eliminate, you can begin taking him out only at those times instead of every hour. After he has eliminated, he can have free, but supervised, run of your house.
About one hour before he needs to eliminate put him in his crate. This will prevent him from going earlier than you had planned. With consistency and abundance of rewards and praise for eliminating outside, he will become more reliable about holding it until you take him out. Then the amount of time you confine him before his scheduled outing can be gradually reduced.
Mistakes and Accidents During Training
If you find an accident in the house, just clean it up. Do not punish your dog. All this means is that you have given him unsupervised access to your house too soon. Until he can be trusted, don't give him unsupervised free run of your house. If mistakes and accidents occur, it is best to go back to the crate training. You need to more accurately predict when your dog needs to eliminate and he needs more time to develop bladder and bowel control.